As the majority of places are not sited on the bank of a stream or lake, it has been a practice since long ago to retrieve water needed by creating an access to aquifers concealed below the earth’s surface. Previously the industrial era made pumps and pipes were common hardware items, digging a narrow hole down to the water table and then drawing the water that seeped into its bottom upward in a bucket attached to a rope was the simplest way to create a well.
In order to determine where the water supply lies, there is a commonly used method for called “divination.” This unexplained yet sometimes effective means of locating subterranean water was once practiced by well-diggers using a green willow “twitch.”
Once you have determine the best place for the well, choose which method you will use to get a well point down to the water table, but the one most used by people in remote places nowadays is the driving method, in which the point is driven downward like a nail.
Inquire with authorities about any laws that might prohibit wells in the area, also that the groundwater is not contaminated by toxic chemicals, which in not rare.
- An improved version of the open seepage well is the driven well.
- The physics of water-witching is unclear, and it is not always successful.
- When punching through harder earth, some well-drillers prefer a pile-driver weight suspended from a tripod where it is hoisted upward then dropped onto the capped well point.
The depth of your well will depend on how deep the water table is in a specific spot. Depending on the type of pump, the depths to which manual pumps can operate is limited by the force of gravity and the length of its drawing stroke. Aproximately, pitcher, jet, or centrifugal hand pumps are effective to a depth of 25 feet; larger stand pumps with draw cylinders for a depth of 50 feet.
Original Source: Driving Your Own Water Well